High School RIO


High School RIOTM Annual Reports


*Denotes research conducted with data released via DISC

2021

Kerr ZY, Pierpoint LA, Rosene JM. Epidemiology of Concussions in High School Boys' Ice Hockey, 2008/09 to 2016/17 School Years. Clin J Sport Med. 2021 Jan;31(1):e21-e28. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000697.
PMID: 30451700

2020

Hammer E, Brooks MA, Hetzel S, Arakkal A, Comstock RD. Epidemiology of Injuries Sustained in Boys' High School Contact and Collision Sports, 2008-2009 Through 2012-2013. Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 Feb 25;8(2):2325967120903699. doi: 10.1177/2325967120903699.
PMID: 32133385
PMCID: PMC7042560
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Gupta AS, Pierpoint LA, Comstock RD, Saper MG. Sex-Based Differences in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Among United States High School Soccer Players: An Epidemiological Study. Orthop J Sports Med. 2020 May 28;8(5):2325967120919178. doi: 10.1177/2325967120919178.
PMID: 32528989
PMCID: PMC7262988
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Kerr ZY, Yeargin SW, Hosokawa Y, Hirschhorn RM, Pierpoint LA, Casa DJ. The Epidemiology and Management of Exertional Heat Illnesses in High School Sports During the 2012/2013–2016/2017 Academic Years. J Sport Rehabil. 2020 Mar 1;29(3):332-338. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2018-0364. Epub 2019 Jun 6.
PMID: 30747580

Ryder SC, Gnirke M, Laker SR, Hoffmire C, Comstock RD. Relationship of Overuse Injuries and Extrascholastic Sport Participation in High School Athletes 2009-2010 through 2015-2016. PM R. 2020 Sep;12(9):882-890. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12297. Epub 2020 Jan 22.
PMID: 31769926

Comstock RD, Arakkal AT, Pierpoint LA, Fields SK. Are high school girls' lacrosse players at increased risk of concussion because they are not allowed to wear the same helmet boys' lacrosse players are required to wear? Inj Epidemiol. 2020 May 18;7(1):18. doi: 10.1186/s40621-020-00242-5.
PMID: 32418542
PMCID: PMC7232834
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Chandran A, Kerr ZY, Roby PR, Nedimyer AK, Arakkal A, Pierpoint LA, Zuckerman SL. Concussion Symptom Characteristics and Resolution in 20 United States High School Sports, 2013/14-2017/18 Academic Years. Neurosurgery. 2020 Sep 1;87(3):573-583. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyaa091.
PMID: 32294184

2019

Tadlock BA, Pierpoint LA, Covassin T, Caswell SV, Lincoln AE, Kerr ZY. Epidemiology of knee internal derangement injuries in United States high school girls' lacrosse, 2008/09-2016/17 academic years. Res Sports Med. 2019 Oct-Dec;27(4):497-508. doi: 10.1080/15438627.2018.1533471. Epub 2018 Oct 14.
PMID: 30318926

Kerr ZY, Campbell KR, Fraser MA, Currie DW, Pierpoint LA, Kaminski TW, Mihalik JP. Head Impact Locations in U.S. High School Boys' and Girls' Soccer Concussions, 2012/13-2015/16. J Neurotrauma. 2019 Jul 1;36(13):2073-2082. doi: 10.1089/neu.2017.5319. Epub 2019 Mar 14.
PMID: 29092652

Brant JA, Johnson B, Brou L, Comstock RD, Vu T. Rates and Patterns of Lower Extremity Sports Injuries in All Gender-Comparable US High School Sports. Orthop J Sports Med. 2019 Oct 1;7(10):2325967119873059. doi: 10.1177/2325967119873059.
PMID: 31620485
PMCID: PMC6775559
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Liller KD, Morris B, Yang Y, Bubu OM, Perich B, Fillion J. Injuries and concussions among young children, ages 5-11, playing sports in recreational leagues in Florida. PLoS One. 2019 May 15;14(5):e0216217. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216217.
PMID: 31091293
PMCID: PMC6519825
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Oliver GD, Saper MG, Drogosz M, Plummer HA, Arakkal AT, Comstock RD, Anz AW, Andrews JR, Fleisig GS. Epidemiology of Shoulder and Elbow Injuries Among US High School Softball Players, 2005-2006 Through 2016-2017. Orthop J Sports Med. 2019 Sep 6;7(9):2325967119867428. doi: 10.1177/2325967119867428.
PMID: 31523693
PMCID: PMC6732867
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McCarthy MM, Bihl JH, Frank RM, Salem HS, McCarty EC, Comstock RD. Epidemiology of Clavicle Fractures Among US High School Athletes, 2008-2009 Through 2016-2017. Orthop J Sports Med. 2019 Jul 26;7(7):2325967119861812. doi: 10.1177/2325967119861812.
PMID: 31384623
PMCID: PMC6661795
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Zuckerman SL, Kerr ZY, Pierpoint L, Kirby P, Than KD, Wilson TJ. An 11-year analysis of peripheral nerve injuries in high school sports. Phys Sportsmed. 2019 May;47(2):167-173. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2018.1544453. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
PMID: 30392428

Kerr ZY, Chandran A, Nedimyer AK, Arakkal A, Pierpoint LA, Zuckerman SL. Concussion Incidence and Trends in 20 High School Sports. Pediatrics. 2019 Nov;144(5):e20192180. doi: 10.1542/peds.2019-2180. Epub 2019 Oct 15.
PMID: 31615955
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2018

Davies S, Coxe K, Harvey HH, Singichetti B, Guo J, Yang J. Qualitative Evaluation of High School Implementation Strategies for Youth Sports Concussion Laws. J Athl Train. 2018 Sep;53(9):873-879. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-529-17. Epub 2018 Oct 4.
PMID: 30284457
PMCID: PMC6208298
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Coxe K, Hamilton K, Harvey HH, Xiang J, Ramirez MR, Yang J. Consistency and Variation in School-Level Youth Sports Traumatic Brain Injury Policy Content. J Adolesc Health. 2018 Mar;62(3):255-264. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.07.003. Epub 2017 Sep 29.
PMID: 28970062
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Baker C, Browning S, Charnigo R, Bunn T, Sanderson W. Factors related to return to play after knee injury in high school football athletes. Ann Epidemiol. 2018 Sep;28(9):629-634.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.06.008. Epub 2018 Jun 22.
PMID: 30033036
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Cross KM, Gurka KK, Saliba S, Conaway M, Hertel J. Comparison of Thigh Muscle Strain Occurrence and Injury Patterns Between Male and Female High School Soccer Athletes. J Sport Rehabil. 2018 Sep 1;27(5):451-459. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2016-0178. Epub 2018 Aug 11.
PMID: 28952868

Pierpoint LA, LaBella CR, Collins CL, Fields SK, Comstock RD.  Injuries in Girls’ Soccer and Basketball: a Comparison of High Schools with and without Athletic Trainers.  Injury Epidemiology. 5(29):1-8 (2018).

Baldwin GT, Breiding MJ, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Sports Concussion in the United States.  In: Hainline B and Stern RA (Eds.).  Sports Neurology.  San Diego: Elsevier BV, 2018: 63-74.

Warner K, Savage J, Kuenze CM, Erkenbeck A, Comstock RD, and Covassin T.  A Comparison of High School Boys’ and Girls’ Lacrosse Injuries: Academic Years 2008-2009 Through 2015-2016.  Journal of Athletic Training. 53(11):1049-1055 (2018).

Pierpoint LA, LaBella CR, Collins CL, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Injuries in Girls’ Soccer and Basketball: A Comparison of High Schools With and Without Athletic Trainers.  Injury Epidemiology.  5(29):1-8 (2018).

Haarbauer-Krupa JK, Comstock RD, Lionbarger M, Hirsch S, Kavee A, and Lowe B.  HealthcareProfessional Involvement and RTP Compliance in High School Athletes with Concussion.  Brain Injury. 32(11):1337-1344 (2018).

Meron A, McMullen C, Laker SR, Currie D, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Cervical Spine Injuries in High School Athletes Over a Ten-Year Period.  PM&R, 10(4):365-372 (2018).

Welton KL, Kraeutler MJ, Pierpoint LA, Bartley JH, McCarty EC, and Comstock RD.  Injury Recurrence Among High School Athletes in the United States: A Decade of Patterns and Trends, 2005-2006 Through 2015-2016.  Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(1):1-9 (2018).

Pytiak AV, Kraeutler MJ, Currie DW, McCarty EC, Comstock RD.  An Epidemiological Comparison of Elbow Injuries among United States High School Baseball and Softball Players, 2005-2006 Through 2014-2015.  Sports Health, 10(2):119-124 (2018).

Saper MG, Pierpoint LA, Liu W, Comstock RD, Polousky JD, and Andrews JR.  Epidemiology of Shoulder and Elbow Injuries Among United States High School Baseball Players: School Years 2005-2006 Through 2014-2015.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(1):37-43 (2018).

2017

Schallmo MS, Weiner JA, Hsu WK. Sport and Sex-Specific Reporting Trends in the Epidemiology of Concussions Sustained by High School Athletes. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Aug 2;99(15):1314-1320. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.16.01573.
PMID: 28763417

Khodaee M, Currie DW, Asif IM, and Comstock RD.  Nine-Year Study of US High School Soccer Injuries: Data from a National Sports Injury Surveillance Programme.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(3):185-193 (2017).

Currie DW, Kraeutler MJ, Schrock JB, McCarty EC, and Comstock RD.  Time Trends in Concussion Symptom Presentation and Assessment Methods in High School Athletes.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(14):3368-3373 (2017).
Johnson BK, Brou L, Fields SK, Erkenbeck AN, and Comstock RD.  Hand and Wrist Injuries Among US High School Athletes: 2005/06-2015/16.  Pediatrics, 140(6):1-9 (2017).

Bartley JH, Murray MF, Kraeutler MJ, Pierpoint LA, Welton KL, McCarty EC, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Injuries Sustained as a Result of Intentional Player Contact in High School Football, Ice Hockey, and Lacrosse, 2005-2006 Through 2015-2016.  Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 5(12):1-7 (2017).

Yang J, Comstock RD, Yi H, Harvey HH, and Xun P.  Trends of New and Recurrent Concussion in High School Athletes Before and After TBI Laws 2005-2016.  American Journal of Public Health, 107(12):1916-1922 (2017).
Boden BP, Pierpoint LA, Boden RG, Comstock RD, and Kerr ZY.  Eye Injuries in High School and Collegiate Athletes.  Sports Health, 9(5): 444-449 (2017).

Kerr ZY, Zuckerman SL, Register-Mihalik JK, Wasserman EB, Valovich McLeod TC, Dompier TP, Comstock RD, and Marshall SW.  Estimating Concussion Incidence Using Sports Injury Surveillance Systems: Complexities and Potential Pitfalls.  Neuroligic Clinics, 35(3): 409-434 (2017).

Johnson BK and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Chest, Rib, Thoracic Spine and Abdomen Injuries Among United States High School Athletes, 2005/06 to 2013/14.  Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(4): 388-393 (2017).

Nagle K, Johnson B, Brou L, Landman T, Sochanska A, and Comstock RD.  Timing of Lower Extremity Injuries in Competition and Practice in High School Sports.  Sports Health, 9(3): 238-246 (2017).

Currie DW, Comstock RD, Fields SK, and Cantu RC.  A Paired Comparison of Initial and Recurrent Concussions  Sustained by US High School Athletes within a Single Athletic Season.  Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 32(2): 90-97 (2017).


2016

Magrini D, Dahab KS. Musculoskeletal Overuse Injuries in the Pediatric Population. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2016 Nov/Dec;15(6):392-399. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000303.
PMID: 27841810
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Tirabassi J, Brou L, Khodaee M, Lefort R, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of High School Sports-Related Injuries Resulting in Medical Disqualification: 2005-2006 Through 2013-2014 Academic Years.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(1): 2925-2932 (2016).

Greenhill DA, Navo P, Zhao H, Torg J, Comstock RD, and Boden BP.  Inadequate Helmet Fit Increases Concussion Severity in American High School Football Players.  Sports Health, 8(3): 238-243 (2016).

Collins CL, McKenzie LB, Ferketich AK, Andridge R, Xiang H, and Comstock RD.  Concussion Characteristics in High School Football by Helmet Age/Recondition Status, Manufacturer, and Model: 2008-2009 Through 2012-2013 Academic Years in the United States.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(6):1382-1390 (2016).

Pierpoint LA, Williams CM, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Injuries in United States High School Track and Field, 2008-2009 through 2013-2014.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(6):1463-1468 (2016) .

Collins CL, McKenzie LB, Ferketich AK, Andridge R, Xiang H, and Comstock RD.  Dental Injuries Sustained by High School Athletes in the United States, from 2008/09 through 2012/13 Academic Years.  Dental Traumatology, 32:121-127 (2016) .

Ashack KA, Burton KA, Johnson TR, Currie DW, Comstock RD, and Dellavalle RP.  Skin Infections Among US High School Athletes: A National Survey.  Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 74(4):679-684 (2016).

Bryan MA, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Comstock RD, and Rivara FP.  Sports- and Recreation-Related Concussions in United States Youth.  Pediatrics, 138(1):1-8 (2016).

Mitchell J, Graham W, Best TM, Collins CL, Currie DW, Comstock RD, and Flanigan DC.  Epidemiology of Meniscal Injuries in US High School Athletes Between 2007 and 2013.  Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 24(3):715-722 (2016).

Currie DW, Fields SK, Patterson MJ, and Comstock RD.  Cheerleading Injuries in United States High Schools.  Pediatrics, 137(1):1-9 (2016).

Dizdarevic I, Low S, Currie DW, Comstock RD, Hammoud S, and Atanda A.  Epidemiology of Elbow Dislocation in High School Athletes.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(1):202-208 (2016).

Comstock RD, Dahab KS, and James DA.  Epidemiology of Injury in High School Sports, Chapter 4 (pages 51-67) in Part II: Epidemiology of Injury in Children’s and Youth Sports, of the book, Injury in Pediatric and Adolescent Sports: Epidemiology, Treatment and Prevention, ed. Dennis Caine and Laura Purcell.  Springer Press, New York, NY (2016).


2015

Kriz PK, Zurakowski RD, Almquist JL, Reynolds J, Ruggieri D, Collins CL, d’Hemecourt PA, and Comstock RD.  Eye Protection and Risk Risk of Eye Injuries in High School Field Hockey.  Pediatrics, 136(3):521-527 (2015).

Comstock RD, Currie DW, Pierpoint LA, Grubenhoff JA, and Fields SK.  An Evidence-Based Discussion of Heading and Concussions in High School Soccer.  JAMA Pediatrics, 169(9):830-837 (2015).

Mitchell J, Magnussen RA, Collins CL, Currie DW, Best TM, Comstock RD, and Flanigan DC.  Epidemiology of Patellofemoral Instability Injuries among High School Athletes in the United States.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(7):1676-1682 (2015).

Monfort SM, Comstock RD, Collins CL, Onate JA, Best TM, and Chaudhari AM.  Association between Ball-Handling versus Defending Actions and Acute Noncontact Lower Extremity Injuries in High School Basketball and Soccer.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(4):802-807 (2015).

Matic GT, Sommerfeldt MF, Best TM, Collins CL, Comstock RD and Flanigan DC.  Ice Hockey Injuries among United States High School Athletes from 2008/2009-2012/2013.  The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 43(2):119-125 (2015).

Schroeder AN, Comstock RD, Collins CL, Everhart J, Flanigan D, and Best TM.  Epidemiology of Overuse Injuries among High-School Athletes in the United States.  The Journal of Pediatrics, 166(3): 600-606 (2015).

Changstrom BG, Brou L, Khodaee M, Braund C, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Stress Fracture Injuries among U.S. High School Athletes, 2005-06 through 2012-13.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(1):26-33 (2015).


2014

Kerr ZY, Collins CL, Mihalik JP, Marshall SW, Guskiewicz KM, and Comstock RD.  Impact Locations and Concussion Outcomes in High School Football Player-to-Player Collisions.  Pediatrics, 134(3):489-496 (2014).

Collins CL, Fletcher EN, Fields SK, Kluchurosky L, Rohrkemper MK, Comstock RD, and Cantu RC.  Neck Strength: A Protective Factor Reducing Risk for Concussion in High School Sports.  Journal of Primary Prevention, 35(5):309-319 (2014).

Xiang J, Collins CL, Liu D, McKenzie LB, and Comstock RD.  Lacrosse Injuries among High School Boys and Girls in the United States, 2008-2012, Four Academic Years.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(9):2082-2088 (2014).

Fletcher EN, McKenzie LB, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiological Comparison of High School Basketball Injuries Reporting to Emergency Departments and the Athletic Training Setting.  Journal of Athletic Training, 49(3):381-388 (2014).

Rosenthal JA, Foraker RE, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  National High School Athlete Concussion Rates From 2005-2006 to 2011-2012.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(7):1710-1715 (2014).

Robinson TW, Corlette J, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  Shoulder Injuries among US High School Athletes, 2005/2006-2011/2012.  Pediatrics, 133(2):272-279 (2014).

Kerr ZY, Marshall SW, Comstock RD, and Casa DJ.  Exertional Heat Stroke Management Strategies in US High School Football.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(1):70-77 (2014).

Kerr ZY, Marshall SW, Comstock RD, and Casa DJ.  Implementing Exertional Heat Illness Prevention Strategies in US High School Football.  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(1):124-130 (2014).


2013

Joseph AM, Collins CL, Henke NM, Yard EE, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  A Multisport Epidemiologic Comparison of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in High School Athletics.  Journal of Athletic Training, 48(6):810-817 (2013).

Smith DW, Myer GD, Currie DW, Comstock RD, Clark JF, and Bailes JE.  Altitude Modulates Concussion incidence: Implications for Optimizing Brain Compliance to Prevent Injury in Athletes.  Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 1(6):1-7(2013).

Kinnaman KA, Mannix RC, Comstock RD, and Meehan WP.  Management Strategies and Medication Use for Treating Pediatric Patients with Concussions.  Acta Paediatrica, 102(9):e424-e428 (2013).

Swenson DM, Collins CL, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of US High School Sports-Related Ligamentous Ankle Injuries 2005/06-2010/11.  Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 23(3):190-196 (2013).

Swenson DM, Collins CL, Best TM, Flanigan DC, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Knee Injuries Among US High School Athletes, 2005/06-2010/11.  Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(3):462-469 (2013).

Badgeley MA, McIlvain NM, Yard E, Fields S, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of 10,000 High School Football Injuries: Patterns of Injury by Position Played.  Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 10(2);160-169 (2013).

Chrisman SP, Rivara FP, Schiff MA, Zhou C, and Comstock RD.  Risk Factors for Concussive Symptoms of 1 Week or Longer in High School Athletes.  Brain Injury, 27(1);1-9 (2013).

Kerr ZY, Casa DJ, Marshall SW, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Exertional Heat Illness Among U.S. High School Athletes.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(1);8-14 (2013).


2012

Kriz PK, Comstock RD, Zurakowski RD, Almquist JL, Collins CL and D’Hemecourt P.  Effectiveness of Protective Eyeware in Reducing Eye Injuries among High School Field Hockey Players.  Pediatrics, 130(6);1069-1075 (2012).

Swenson DM, Henke NM, Collins CL, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of United States High School Sports-Related Fractures, 2008-09 to 2010-11.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(9);2078-2084 (2012).

Castile L, Collins CL, McIlvain NM, and Comstock RD.  The Epidemiology of New vs. Recurrent Sports Concussions Among High School Athletes, 2005-2010.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(8);603-610 (2012).

Comstock RD and Logan K.  Epidemiology and Prevention, a chapter in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents: From Basic Science to Clinical Management, ed Michael Kirkwood and Keith Yeates.  Guilford Press, New York, NY, Chapter 2, pages 22-37 (2012).

Marar M, McIlvain NM, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Concussions among United States High School Athletes in 20 Sports.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(4);747-755 (2012).

Meehan WP, d’Hemecourt P, Collins CL, Taylor AM, and Comstock RD.  Computerized Neurocognitive Testing for the Management of Sport-Related Concussions.  Pediatrics, 129(1);1-7 (2012).


2011

Meehan WP, d’Hemecourt P, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  Assessment and Management of Sport-Related Concussions in United States High Schools.  American Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(11);2304-2310 (2011).

Rechel JA, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Injuries Requiring Surgery among High School Athletes in the United States, 2005 to 2010.  Journal of Trauma, 71(4);982-989 (2011).

Kerr ZY, Collins CL, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Player-Player Contact Injuries among US High School Athletes, 2005-2009.  Clinical Pediatrics, 50(7);594-603 (2011).

Kerr ZY, Collins CL, Pommering TL, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Dislocation/Separation Injuries among US High School Athletes in 9 Selected Sports: 2005-2009.  Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 21(2); 101-108 (2011).

Yard EE and Comstock RD.  Injury Patterns by Body Mass Index in US High School Athletes.  Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 8(2); 182-191 (2011).

Frommer LJ, Gurka KK, Cross KM, Ingersoll, CD, Comstock RD, and Saliba SA.  Sex Differences in Concussion Symptoms of High School Athletes.  Journal of Athletic Training, 46(1);76-84 (2011).

Gilchrist J, Haileyesus T, Murphy M, Comstock RD, Collins C, McIlvain N, and Yard E.  Heat Illness Among High School Athletes – United States, 2005-2009.  JAMA 305(3);246-249 (2011) – (JAMA reprint of MMWR)


2010

Yard EE, Gilchrist J, Haileyesus T, Murphy M, Collins C, McIlvain N, and Comstock RD.  Special Report from the CDC: Heat Illness among High School Athletes – United States, 2005-2009.  Journal of Safety Research, 41;471-474 (2010).

Meehan WP, d’Hemecourt P, and Comstock RD.  High School Concussions in the 2008-2009 Academic Year: Mechanism, Symptoms, and Management. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(12);2405-2409 (2010).

Gilchrist J, Haileyesus T, Murphy M, Comstock RD, Collins C, McIlvain N, and Yard E.  Heat Illness Among High School Athletes – United States, 2005-2009.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Review (MMWR) 59(32);1009-1013 (2010).

Swenson DM, Yard EE, Collins CL, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of US High School Sports-Related Fractures, 2005-2009.  Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine 20(4);293-299 (2010).

Krajnik S, Fogarty KJ, Yard EE, and Comstock RD.  Shoulder Injuries in US High School Baseball and Softball Athletes, 2005-2008.  Pediatrics 125(3);497-501 (2010).

Fields SK, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  Violence in Youth Sports: Hazing, Brawling and Foul Play.  British Journal of Sports Medicine 44(1);32-37 (2010).


PRIOR to 2010

Yard EE, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  A Comparison of High School Sports Injury Surveillance Data Reporting by Certified Athletic Trainers and Coaches.  Journal of Athletic Training 44(6);645-652 (2009).

Darrow CJ, Collins CL, Yard EE, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Severe Injuries among United States High School Athletes: 2005-2007.  American Journal of Sports Medicine 37(9);1798-1805 (2009).

Yard EE and Comstock RD.  Compliance with Return to Play Guidelines Following Concussion in US High School Athletes, 2005-2008.  Brain Injury 23(11);888-898 (2009).

Swenson DM, Yard EE, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Patterns of Recurrent Injuries among US High School Athletes, 2005-2008.   American Journal of Sports Medicine 37(8);1586-1593 (2009).

Yard EE and Comstock RD.  Effects of Field Location, Time in Competition, and Phase of Play on Injury Severity in High School Football.  Research in Sports Medicine: An International Journal 17(1);35-49 (2009).

Bonza J, Fields SK, Yard EE, and Comstock RD.  Shoulder Injuries Among United States High School Athletes, 2005-2007.  Journal of Athletic Training 44(1);76-83 (2009).

Huffman EA, Yard EE, Fields SK, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Rare Injuries and Conditions among US High School Athletes during the 2005-06 and 2006-07 School Years.   Journal of Athletic Training 43(6);624-630 (2008).

Borowski L, Yard EE, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  The Epidemiology of US High School Basketball Injuries, 2005-2007.  American Journal of Sports Medicine 36(12);2328-2335 (2008).

Yard EE, Schroeder MJ, Fields SK, Collins CL, and Comstock RD.  The Epidemiology of US High School Soccer Injuries, 2005-2007.  American Journal of Sports Medicine 36(10);1930-1937 (2008).

Collins CL and Comstock RD.  Epidemiologic Features of High School Baseball Injuries in the United States, 2005-2007.  Pediatrics 121(6);1181-1187 (2008).

Ingram JG, Yard EE, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  Epidemiology of Knee Injuries among Boys and Girls in US High School Athletics.  American Journal of Sports Medicine 36(6);1116-1122 (2008).

Rechel JA, Yard EE, and Comstock RD.  An Epidemiologic Comparison of High School Sports Injuries Sustained in Practice and Competition.  Journal of Athletic Training 43(2);197-204 (2008).

Collins CL, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.  When the Rules of the Game are Broken: What Proportion of High School Sports-Related Injuries are Related to Illegal Activity?  Injury Prevention 14(1);34-38 (2008).

Nelson AJ, Collins CL, Yard EE, Fields SK, and Comstock RD.   The Epidemiology of Ankle Injuries Among US High School Athletes, 2005-06.  Journal of Athletic Training 42(3);381-387 (2007).

Fernandez WG, Yard EE, and Comstock RD. Epidemiology of Lower Extremity Injuries Among US High School Athletes.  Academic Emergency Medicine 14(7);641-645 (2007).

Comstock RD, Knox C, and Gilchrist J.  Sports-Related Injuries Among High School Athletes United States, 2005-06 School Year.  Connecticut Medicine 71(1);19-21 (2007).

Comstock RD, Knox C, Yard E, and Gilchrist J.  Sports-Related Injuries Among High School Athletes – United States, 2005-06 School Year.  JAMA 296(22);2673-2674 (2006) – (JAMA reprint of MMWR).

Comstock RD, Knox C, Yard E, and Gilchrist J.  Sports-Related Injuries Among High School Athletes – United States, 2005-06 School Year.  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Review (MMWR) 55(38);1037-1040 (2006).

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